NONWOVENS – FUNCTIONS AND EXAMPLES OF FIBERS
Nonwovens began to be explored in 1930 and are a material made of short fibers and long fibers, joined by a chemical, mechanical, thermal or solvent treatment.
Nonwovens can be single-use, have a limited lifespan or be designed to be very durable and have specific functions such as absorption, repellence, resistance, thermal insulation, acoustic insulation and filtration. They are designed to be disposable or not very durable and can be present in products such as diapers, medical dressings, personal care products, medical products such as surgical gowns and caps, surgical and industrial masks, handkerchiefs and towels, bibs and even suits for special events.
On the other hand, and if they are used for the production of durable goods, they can be present in car linings, road coverings and carpets, for example.
This type of material can also be used alone or as a component of clothing, home furniture, healthcare, engineering, industrial and consumer goods.
- Examples of fibers used in Nonwoven Fabrics:
Polyester is a type of fiber that can be synthetic or natural. This type of fiber is often mixed with natural fibers when making garments, ensuring a softer and more resistant touch.
1.2. RAYON (VISCOSE)
Rayon is an artificial fiber, made from cellulose and then chemically processed.
This fiber gives rise to very comfortable, breathable fabrics with a soft and fresh touch. And, due to these factors, it is one of the favorite fibers for making summer garments.
Nylon is a synthetic fiber obtained through chemical combinations.
Nylon gives the fabric very specific properties, such as elasticity, lightness, strength, durability and low moisture absorption.
This fiber is widely used in sportswear, underwear, bikinis and tights.
Acrylic is a fiber used in making clothes and also in home decor elements.
This type of material is very resistant to moisture and its maintenance and cleaning are easy and uncomplicated, which makes many people opt for clothes and decorative textiles with acrylic in their composition.
Bamboo fiber is a type of fiber and is produced naturally and sustainably.
This type of material gives garments characteristics such as permeability, a soft touch, and some elasticity.